The City of Rome

Three Millenia of History, Culture, and Faith

University of Arkansas Rome Center
Summer I 2024

The Roman Forum - Etching by Giovanni Piranesi, ca. 1775

Instructor: Dr. Charles E. Muntz
Dr. Muntz's Office: 408 Old Main
Office Hours: M 1:00-2:30 and by appointment
Phone: (479) 575-5891

Program Description

This faculty-led study abroad program will immerse students in one of the greatest and most important cities in the world: Rome. There is no other place where students can walk through 2000 years of history within a few feet. A walk across the city approximates a trip around the world. Students will be immersed in the history, culture, and beliefs of the Romans of almost three millennia through an in-depth exploration of Rome itself. Led by experienced faculty, students will get out of the classroom to experience first-hand the art and architecture of the Romans and learn about the intimate connections between material remains and the history and development of Rome first as a city, then as the capital of a political empire, and finally as the capital of a spiritual empire. Through the intertwining of ancient, medieval, renaissance, and contemporary culture that is unique to Rome, students will learn how the past is constantly reused and reinterpreted. Students will discover the unique influence that Rome has had on the globe from past to present.

Learning Outcomes

  • Understand the history of Rome and its place in world affairs, from antiquity through the present day, and how Romans constantly transformed and integrated earlier phases with newer developments 
  • Interpret diverse Roman art and architecture from antiquity to the present as expressions of identity, political power, religious beliefs, and cultural values 
  • Understand how Christian institutions and practices have changed and diversified over time
  • Understand how Christian art and architecture have developed from their Roman roots and as expressions of authority and worldview from antiquity to the present
  • Understand the impact of Roman history, art, and culture on the development of the United States
  • Evaluate historical and contemporary models for governing religiously diverse societies
  • Explain how the study abroad experience in Rome has supported the student’s own academic, professional, and personal growth

Two pre-assigned site reports, to be delivered in Rome
Four short papers reacting to the site visits, each due the next day
A final paper (3000-3400 words), due July 22

Grade Distribution
Site Report No. 1: 20%
Site Report No. 2: 20%
Final Paper 1: 40%
Reaction Papers: 20% (5% apiece)

NB - Because the final assignment is due after the end of Summer I, everyone will initially receive a grade of incomplete.

Students are expected to attend all lectures and site visits. Repeated absences may result in a student being sent home.

Required Textbook
MacAdam, Alta and Annabel Barber. Blue Guide: Rome. 12th Edition. ISBN 9781905131877. Amazon Link

Online Resoruces Available Through the Library
The Oxford Classical Dictionary - Standard reference guide to all things about the ancient world

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church - Standard reference guide to all things Christian

Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide - Great guide to all the ancient sites in Rome

Ancient Rome: The Archaeology of the Eternal City - Deals with the development of Rome topically

Rome and Environs: An Archaeological Guide - More detailed site guide, but sometimes takes myths too seriously

A Companion to the City of Rome - Chapters on almost every aspect of life in ancient Rome

The Cambridge Companion to Rome - Chapters on almost every aspect of life in ancient Rome

The Making of Medieval Rome - History of Rome in the middle ages through the physical development of the city

A Companion to Early Modern Rome, 1492-1692 - Chapters on almost every aspect of the renewal of Rome

The Ruin of the Eternal City: Antiquity and Preservation in Renaissance Rome

Draft Schedule

Day 0: Sunday, May 26
    Depart for Rome

Day 1: Monday, May 27
    Arrive in Rome
    Move in

Day 2: Tuesday, May 28
    AM: Rome Center Orientation

    PM: Obelisk Hunt

    Welcome Dinner

Day 3: Wednesday, May 29
    AM: Lecture - Introduction to Rome
      Eras of Rome History
      Basics of Ancient Architecture
      Basics of Ancient Art
      Basics of Ancient Religion
      The Etruscans

    PM: Site Visit - Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia - Oral Report: Haruspicy

Day 4: Thursday, May 30
    AM: Lecture - Early Rome
      From Kings to Republic
      Early Rome Religion
      First Roman Construction
      Roman Trade

    PM: Site Visits - Forum Boarium Region, including:
      S. Nicola in Carcere
      S. Omobono
      Round Temple
      Temple of Portunus
      Arch of Janus
      Cloaca Maxima
      Arcus Argentarius
      Circus Maximus - Oral Report: Chariot Racing

Day 5: Friday, May 31
    All day trip to Tarquinia & Cerveteri

Day 6: Saturday, June 1
    Free day

Day 7: Sunday, June 2
    Free day

Day 8: Monday, June 3
    Free day

Day 9: Tuesday, June 4
    AM: Lecture - The Republic
      Growth of the City
      Beginning of the Empire
      The Roman Triumph
      Rome and the Greeks

    PM: Site Visits - the Capitoline Hill, including:
      Piazza Venezia
      S. Maria in Ara Coeli
      Capitoline Museums - Oral Report: Equestrian Statues

Day 10: Wednesday, June 5
    AM: Lecture - The Late Republic
      Dynasts and Civil War
      The Beginning of the Marble City
      Romans and the Theatre
      The Roman Civil Wars

    PM: Site Visits - Roman Remains on the southern Campo Marzio, including:
      Theatre of Pompey
      Largo Argentina Temples
      Temple of the Nymphs
      Porticus of Octavia
      Temple of Apollo Medicus
      Theatre of Marcellus

Day 11: Thursday, June 6
    AM: Lecture - Augustus
      Religious Renewal
      Cultural Renewal
      The City of Marble
      Mussolini and the Appropriation of Antiquity

    PM: Site Visits - Augustus on the Campo Marzio, including:
      Ara Pacis
      Mausoleum of Augustus
      Palazzo Altemps

Day 12: Friday, June 7
    AM: Lecture - The Successors of Augustus
      Creating Dynasties
      The City of Concrete
      Bread and Circuses
      New Religions in a Cosmopolitan Empire

    PM: Free time

Day 13: Saturday, June 8
    Free day

Day 14: Sunday, June 9
    Free day

Day 15: Monday, June 10
    All Day: Site Visits - The Fora and Colosseum
      The Colosseum
      The Roman Forum - Oral Report: Vestal Virgins
      The Curia Julia
      The Imperial Fora
      The Palatine Hill

Day 16: Tuesday, June 11
    AM: Site Visit - The Markets of Trajan and the Museum of the Imperial Fora

    PM: Site Visit - Palazzo Massimo alle Terme (National Museum) - Oral Report: Garden Rooms

Day 17: Wednesday, June 12
    Day Trip - Ostia - Oral Report: The Cult of Mithras

Day 18: Thursday, June 13
    All Day: Site Visits - Emperors and Museum Churches on the Campo Marzio, including
      Column of Marcus Aurelius
      Temple of Hadrian
      Stadium of Domitian (Piazza Navonna)
      Castel S. Angelo
      S. Maria della Pace
      S. Luigi dei Francesci - Oral Report: Caravaggio and St. Matthew
      S. Agostino
      S. Maria sopra Minerva

Day 19: Friday, June 14
    Day Trip - Tivoli, including
      Villa of Hadrian
      Villa d'Este

Day 20: Saturday, June 15
    Free day

Day 21: Sunday, June 16
    Free day

Day 22: Monday, June 17
    Free day

Day 23: Tuesday, June 18
    AM: Lecture - Constantine the Great and Late Antiquity
      Late Roman Empire
      Conversion to Christianity
      Recycling Antiquity
      Early Churches of Rome
      Early Christian Art

    PM: Site Visits - Late Antique Rome, including:
      Arch of Constantine
      S. Clemente
      SS. Quattro Coronati & S. Sylvester Chapel
      SS. Cosmas e Damiano - Oral Report: Forma Urbis & Roman Maps
      S. Giovanni in Laterano
      Lateran Baptistery

Day 24: Wednesday, June 19
    Day Trip: Via Appia, including
      Baths of Caracalla
      Catacombs of S. Callisto
      Tomb of Caecilia Metella
      Villa of Maxentius
      Fossea Ardeatine Memorial - Oral Report: Ardeatine Massacre

Day 25: Thursday, June 20
    AM Lecture: High Medieval Rome
      The Growth of the Papacy
      The Carolingian Renaissance
      The Pilgrimage City

    PM Site Visits - the Esquiline Hill
      S. Pudenziana - Oral Report: Apse Mosaic
      S. Prassede
      S. Maria Maggiore

Day 26: Friday, June 21
Free day

Day 27: Saturday, June 22
    Free day

Day 28: Sunday, June 23
    Free day

Day 29: Monday, June 24
    AM Lecture: The Renaissance
      The Rediscovery of Antiquity
      Julius II, Michelangelo, and Raphael
      The New Art

    PM Site Visits: Trastevere, including
      The Jewish Ghetto - Oral Report: Jews in Rome
      S. Maria in Trastevere
      S. Pietro in Montorio
      S. Francesca a Ripa
      S. Cecilia in Trastevere
      Tiber Island

Day 30: Tuesday, June 25
    AM Site Visits: The Quirinal Hill, including
      S. Pietro in Vincoli - Oral Report: Tomb of Julius II
      Largo Magnanapoli
      S. Andrea al Quirinale
      S. Carlino
      S. Maria della Vittoria
      S. Maria degli Angeli (Baths of Diocletian)

    PM Lecture: Baroque Rome
      Alexander VII
      Bernini & Borromini
      Reformation and Counter Reformation

Day 31: Wednesday, June 26
    Site Visit: The Vatican Museums

Day 32: Thursday, June 27
    AM Site Visit: S. Pietro in Vaticano

    PM Site Visits: The Campo Marzio, including
      The Gesù - Oral Report: Jesuit Churches
      S. Andrea della Valle
      S. Ignazio
      Chiesa Nuovo
      Campo dei Fiori
      Piazza Navona - Oral Report: Fountain of the Four Rivers

    Farewell Dinner

Day 33: Friday, June 28
    Fly away home

Day 34: Saturday, June 29
    Fly away home