Archaic Greece

HIST 4113/6113 • Spring 2022

Chigi Vase

The Chigi Vase, a Protocorinthian olpe from about 650 BCE

Instructor: Dr. Charles E. Muntz
Time: MWF 9:40-10:30 pm
Place: GEAR 104
Dr. Muntz's Office: 408 Old Main
Office Hours: M 12:30-2:30 pm and by appointment
Phone: (479) 575-5891


History of Greece from the late Bronze Age to the end of the Persian Wars. This class will focus particularly on the sources involved with reconstructing early Greek history, especially Herodotus and Homer, on the development of the Greek city-state or polis, and on the interaction between the Greeks and Near-eastern peoples during this period, culminating in the wars between the Greeks and the Persian Empire.

Covid Policies

This is a face-to-face class and regular attendance is important. However, due to the Covid-19 pandemic I will be recording all lectures. If you feel sick or are exposed to someone and have to quarantine, DO NOT come to class. Email me right away and get tested for Covid-19. Call Pat Walker Health Center, 479-575-4451, to arrange this. Please see this page for the university’s policies and the reporting forms.

Once I know that you cannot come to class, I will give you access to the lecture recordings for the period you are sick or quarantined. I will also make accomodations or alternative assignments for missed discussion days, exams, and paper deadlines, but again you must email me and ask.

In the event that the instructor has to quarantine, class will be held remotely over Zoom (assuming I’m well enough) - I’ll distribute the meeting invites when necessary.

You must wear a mask while in class for your protection and for the protection of those around you. Masks must be properly worn, over your nose and mouth, at all times especially when entering and leaving the classroom. If you do not have a mask, please let me know, and a mask will be provided for you. Eating and drinking is not permitted during class. Individuals should leave the classroom to eat or drink, as necessary. If you require accommodations due to a disability, please contact the Center for Educational Access.


Exams: There will be an in-class midterm on March 7, and a final exam on Monday May 9 at 10:15-12:15. Both will consist of essay questions. Study guides will be made available prior to the exams.

Short Paper: A 1600-1800 word paper analyzing a theme from Homer's Iliad, due February 18 by 5pm. Instructions can be found here.

Long Paper (Undergraduates): A 3200-3600 word paper analyzing Herodotus. Due May 5 by 5pm.

Long Paper (Graduates): A 3500-4000 word research paper on a topic chosen in consultation with the professor, due May 5 by 5pm. You can find helpful links for research here.

Grading Policies
Formatting Guidelines

Class Discussion: Certain class periods are set aside for class discussions. Questions based on the primary sources to get things started can be found here, but feel free to raise other issues or questions on your own. 

Grade Breakdown:

Participation: 15% 
Paper 1: 15% 
Paper 2: 30% 
Midterm: 15% 
Final: 25%

Reading Materials

Required Texts (Make Sure You Get These Translations):
Curd, Patricia. A Presocratics Reader. ISBN 1603843051
Fagles, Robert. Homer: The Iliad. ISBN 9780140445923
Lombardo, Stanley. Hesiod: Works & Days, Theogony. ISBN 0872201791
Miller, Andrew. Greek Lyric: An Anthology in Translation. ISBN 0872202917
Sommerstein, Alan. The Persians and Other Plays. ISBN 014044999X
Sélincourt, A. Herodotus: The Histories. ISBN 9780140449082

Other texts will be made available via links under the Daily Topics

A guide to transliterating Greek

Super resource if you need to look up a person or topic (much better than Wikipedia or other web sources):
The Oxford Classical Dictionary


Academic Integrity: As a core part of its mission, the University of Arkansas provides students with the opportunity to further their educational goals through programs of study and research in an environment that promotes freedom of inquiry and academic responsibility. Accomplishing this mission is only possible when intellectual honesty and individual integrity prevail.

Each University of Arkansas student is required to be familiar with and abide by the University’s ‘Academic Integrity Policy’ which may be found at Students with questions about how these policies apply to a particular course or assignment should immediately contact their instructor.

Equal Access: University of Arkansas Academic Policy Series 1520.10 requires that students with disabilities are provided reasonable accommodations to ensure their equal access to course content. If you have a documented disability and require accommodations, please contact me privately at the beginning of the semester to make arrangements for necessary classroom adjustments. Please note, you must first verify your eligibility for these through the Center for Educational Access (contact 479-575-3104 or visit for more information on registration procedures).

Unauthorized Websites or Internet Resources: There are many websites claiming to offer study aids to students, but in using such websites, students could find themselves in violation of our University’s Academic Integrity and Code of Student Life policies. These websites include (but are not limited to) Quizlet, Bartleby, Course Hero, Chegg, and Clutch Prep. The U of A does not endorse the use of these products in an unethical manner. These websites may encourage students to upload course materials, such as test questions, individual assignments, and examples of graded material. Such materials are the intellectual property of instructors, the university, or publishers and may not be distributed without prior authorization. Furthermore, paying for academic work to be completed on your behalf and submitting it for academic credit is considered ‘contract cheating’ per the Academic Integrity Policy. Students found responsible for this type of violation face a grading penalty of ‘XF’ and a minimum one-semester academic suspension per the University of Arkansas Sanction Rubric. Please let me know if you are uncertain about the use of a website.

Unauthorized Recording by Student: Recording, or transmission of a recording, of all or any portion of a class is prohibited unless the recording is necessary for educational accommodation as expressly authorized and documented through the Center for Educational Access with proper advance notice to the instructor. Unauthorized recordings may violate federal law, state law, and university policies. Student-made recordings are subject to the same restrictions as instructor- made recordings. Failure to comply with this provision will result in a referral to the Office of Student Standards and Conduct for potential charges under the Code of Student Life. In situations where the recordings are used to gain an academic advantage, it may also be considered a violation of the University of Arkansas' academic integrity policy.

Recording of Class Lectures: By attending this class, student understands the course is being recorded and consents to being recorded for official university educational purposes. Be aware that incidental recording may also occur before and after official class times.

Unauthorized Use and Distribution of Class Notes: Third parties may attempt to connect with you to buy your notes and other course information from this class. I will consider distributing course materials to a third party without my authorization a violation of my intellectual property rights and/or copyright law as well as a violation of the University of Arkansas' academic integrity policy. Continued enrollment in this class signifies your intent to abide by the policy. Any violation will be reported to the Office of Academic Initiatives and Integrity.

Please be aware that such class materials that may have already been given to such third parties may contain errors, which could affect your performance or grade. If a third party should contact you regarding such an offer, I would appreciate your bringing this to my attention. We all play a part in creating a course climate of integrity.

Inclement Weather: Classes will be held unless the University cancels them.

Miscellaneous: Please turn off and put away all cell phones and any other non-course related items and finish any food you might be eating before coming into class. Please remain seated during class - if you need to use the lavatory, do so before or after class.

Emergency Procedures 

Many types of emergencies can occur on campus; instructions for specific emergencies such as severe weather, active shooter, or fire can be found at  

Severe Weather (Tornado Warning): Follow the directions of the instructor or emergency personnel. Seek shelter in the basement or interior room or hallway on the lowest floor, putting as many walls as possible between you and the outside. If you are in a multi-story building, and you cannot get to the lowest floor, pick a hallway in the center of the building. Stay in the center of the room, away from exterior walls, windows, and doors.

Violence / Active Shooter (CADD):

  • CALL: 9-1-1
  • AVOID: If possible, self-evacuate to a safe area outside the building.  Follow directions of police officers.
  • DENY: Barricade the door with desk, chairs, bookcases or any items.  Move to a place inside the room where you are not visible.  Turn off the lights and remain quiet.  Remain there until told by police it’s safe.
  • DEFEND: Use chairs, desks, cell phones or whatever is immediately available to distract and/or defend yourself and others from attack.

Daily Topics and Reading Assignments

Week 1
January 19: Introduction: The World of the Bronze Age

January 21: Homer and the Homeric Questions
    Iliad 1-3

Week 2
January 24: Oral Epic as an Historical Source
    Iliad 4-5

January 26: Homer Discussion 1
    Iliad 6-8

January 28: The World of the Mycenaeans
    Iliad 9-10

Week 3
January 31: The Collapse
    Iliad 11-12

February 2: Snow Day!

February 4: Snow Day!

Week 4
February 7: The Trojan War: Fact or Fiction?
    Iliad 13-14

February 9: The Dark Ages
    Iliad 15-16

February 11: Homer Discussion 2
    Iliad 17-18

Week 5
February 14: The Dawn of the Archaic Period: The Aristocracy
    Iliad 19-20

February 16: The Dawn of the Archaic Period: The Community
    Iliad 21-22

February 18: Homer Discussion 3
    Iliad 23-24

Week 6
February 21: Sources Beyond Homer
    Sources for the Lelantine War

February 23: Snow Day! First Paper Due

February 25: Snow Day!

Week 7
February 28: The Rise of the Polis

March 2: The Growth of the State
    Greek Lyric: Archilochus, Sappho

March 4: The View from Below
    Hesiod: Works and Days
    Get started on Herodotus, Book 2

Week 8
March 7: Trade & Colonization
    Herodotus, Book 2.1-110, Book 4.147-159

March 9: The Greeks in Egypt Discussion
    Herodotus, Book 2.111-182

Midterm Exam on Blackboard

March 11: Orientalizing 1
    Hesiod: Theogony

Week 9
March 14: Orientalizing 2
    Pre-Socratics: The Milesians, Pythagoras, Xenophanes, Heraclitus

March 16: The Pre-Socratics
    Pre-Socratics: Parmenides, Zeno, Empedocles

March 16: Hoplite Warfare

Week 10
Spring Break!

Week 11
March 28: The Tyrants
    Herodotus, Book 5.92
    Lyric Poetry: AlcaeusHoplite Warfare

March 30: Sparta
    Greek Lyric: Tyrtaeus
    Plutarch: Life of Lycurgus

April 1: Athens 1: Solon
    Greek Lyric: Solon
    Constitution of the Athenians 1-12
    Herodotus 1.59-64

Week 12
April 4: Athens 2: Pisistratids
    Constitution of the Athenians 13-19
    Herodotus 5.55-93

April 6: The Birth of Tragedy Discussion
    Aeschylus: Suppliants, Danaid Trilogy Fragments

April 8: Polis & Panhellenism in the 6th Century
    Greek Lyric: Pindar, Olympian Odes (p. 126-146)

Week 13
April 11: Athens 3: ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ
    Constitution of the Athenians 20-22

April 13: The Rise of Persia
    Herodotus 1.1-106

April 15: Herodotus Discussion 1
    Herodotus 1.107-216, 3.80-88

Week 14
April 18: The Ionian Revolt
    Herodotus 5.30-38, 5.49-51, 5.97-126

April 20: The Marathon Campaign
    Herodotus 6.94-140 

April 22: Herodotus Discussion 2
    Herodotus 7.1-60

Week 15
April 25: The Invasion of Xerxes
    Herodotus 7.100-239

April 27: Divine Salamis
    Herodotus 8.1-115

April 29: The Defeat of the Persians
    Herodotus 8.140-9.70

Week 16
May 2: Herodotus Discussion 3
    Herodotus 9.71-122

May 4: The Legacy of the Persian Wars
    Aeschylus: Persians    
    Greek Lyric: Simonides

May 5: Final Paper Due by 5pm